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Buy research paper online an organizational study of the united states air force Buy research paper online an organizational study of the united states air force. Use Ctrl-F to Find word/phrase on this or other browser pages. Read Disclaimer. Remember, all links on this page are for educational use. No verification or endorsement is implied. Major intelligence failures are usually caused by failures of analysis, not failures of collection. Relevant information is discounted, misinterpreted, ignored, rejected, or overlooked because Moving EAFM 5. towards fails to fit a prevailing mental model or mind-set. --- Richards Heuer. Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted. --- Albert Einstein. Only puny secrets need protection. Big discoveries are protected by public incredulity. --- Marshall McLuhan. Intelligence and Warning, from the National Strategy for Homeland Security. People's Liberation Army Air Force 2010 ( local copy ), from the Activity City Map Reading Air and Space Intelligence Center (NASIC) 2005 International Conference on Intelligence Analysis, May 2005, sponsored by the Office of the Assistant Director of Central Intelligence for Analysis and Production - many papers/briefings posted on variety of intelligence topics. September 11 and the Imperative of Reform in the U.S. Intelligence Community ( local copy ), additional views of Senator Richard C. Shelby, Vice Chairman, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, 10 Dec 2002. IC21: The Intelligence Community in the 21st Century ( local copy ), staff study, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, House of Representatives, 104th Congress, 1996. OSS.NET source for distributed intelligence research & white papers. National Security Archive, at George Washington Univ., with declassified documents and analysis of the role of intelligence in various wars and operations Digital National Security Archive. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), full text Intelligence (INT) online, French electronic newsletter, by paid subscription, some free samples online. Intelligence Online, also available in French, some free stuff, rest by subscription account Africa Intelligence, also available in French, some free stuff, rest by subscription account. An Historical Theory of Intelligence, by Kahn These three principles of intelligence – it optimizes resources, it is an auxiliary function in war, and it is essential to the defense but not to the offense – seek to explain intelligence’s operation and its place in the universe, just as the theory of the rise of verbal intelligence seeks to explain how intelligence became as important as it is. But what must intelligence do to improve? What problems must it resolve? What is its future? DTRA Threat Anticipation II. I. Roll call 7:02 Call to order 7:02 Overview ( local copy ), by Patil, Perry, and Hamon, August 2005 white paper, including discussion of Joint Threat Anticipation Center (JTAC) - operated collaboratively by the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory Cultural Simulation Model (CSM) Threat Anticipation Project Multi-Agent Simulation (TAPMAS) Improving CIA Analytic Performance: Strategic Warning ( local copy ), by Davis, occasional paper for CIA's Sherman Kent Center for Intelligence JHC118_L137.doc - includes discussion of "Substantive Uncertainty and Strategic Warning" and "Analytic Tradecraft for Managing Substantive Uncertainty" and "Averting Strategic Surprise through Alternative Analysis" (HTML version) Improving CIA Analytic Performance: Analysts and the Policymaking Process ( local copy ), by Davis, occasional paper for CIA's Sherman Kent Center for Intelligence Analysis Improving CIA Analytic Performance: DI Analytic Priorities ( local copy ), by Davis, occasional paper for CIA's Sherman Kent Center for Intelligence Application Net Metering and Life in the Power of Language: How Words Might Reveal Developing Threats ( local copy ), by Chew, page 5 of News & ViewsSandia Labs, Jan 2005 - using linguistic analysis, such as Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) Know Thy Enemy: Profiles of Adversary Leaders and Their Strategic Cultures, Schneider and Post, Editors, USAF Counterproliferation Center (CPC) - includes chapters on al-Qaeda and other radical Islamists. Success in the War on Terrorism ( local copy ), 24 Feb 04. testimony of Director of FBI, Robert S. Mueller, III Current and Projected National Security Threats to the United States ( local copy ), 24 Feb 04. testimony of Director of Defense Intelligence Agency, Vice Admiral Lowell E. Jacoby. Threat Kingdom ( local System Evaluation to Introduction ), by Flynt, Foreign Military Studies Office - includes table of emerging threats, means, targets, and ends (HTML version) "In today's increasingly complex security environment, states are not the only major actors, and technology arms small groups with weapons that in the past were held only by great powers. Technology and the proliferation of knowledge have made biological, radiological, chemical and cyber capabilities available to nonstate actors. Kennan's world assumed the intent of specific state actors based on their public declarations and other information. Determining others' capabilities—for example, by counting missile silos—was essential. In today's security environment it is capability that must be assumed. " Threats and Protection, Department of Homeland Security - includes current Threat Advisory level. Threat Assessments Not everything that can be counted counts, and not everything that counts can be counted. --- Albert Einstein. Predicting Violent Behavior ( local copy ), Defense Science Board task force report, Aug 2012. DNI Annual Threat Assessment 2013 Annual Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper, 12 Mar 2013 2012 Annual Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community ( local copy ), testimony before House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper, 2 Feb 2012 2011 Annual Worldwide Threat Assessment of the U.S. Intelligence Community ( local copy ), testimony before House Permanent Select 21st From 29th October 1 to October on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence James 2014 Congress - Presentation PMI. Clapper, 10 Feb 2011 awe-call-for-paperd Annual Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence Dennis C. Blair, 2 Feb 2010 2009 Annual Threat Assessment of the Intelligence Community ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence Dennis C. Blair, 12 Feb 2009 2008 Annual Threat Assessment of the Director of National Intelligence ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence J. Michael McConnell, 5 Feb 2008 2007 Annual Threat Assessment of the Director of National Intelligence ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, by Director of National Intelligence J. Michael McConnell, 27 Feb 2007 2007 Annual Threat Assessment of the Director of National Intelligence ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, by Director of National Intelligence John D. Negroponte, 11 Jan 2007 2006 Annual Threat Assessment of the Director of National Intelligence ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, by Director of National Intelligence John D. Negroponte, 28 Feb 2006 CIA Annual Worldwide Threat Briefings to Congress Global Intelligence Challenges 2005: Meeting Long-Term Challenges with a Long-Term Strategy ( local copy ), by Goss Worldwide Threat 2004: Challenges in a Changing Global Context ( local copy Affolder Readiness US of Module Update Anthony Update Testing, by Tenet Worldwide Threat 2003: Evolving Dangers in a Complex World ( local copy ), by Tenet Worldwide Threat 2002: Converging Dangers in a Post 9/11 World ( local copy ), by Tenet Worldwide Threat 2001: National Security in a Changing World ( local copy ), by Tenet. DIA National Security Threat Assessment 2013 DIA Annual Threat Assessment ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, by Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt Gen Michael T. Flynn, U.S. Army, 17 Apr 2013 2012 DIA Annual Threat Assessment ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, by Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt Gen Ronald L. Burgess, Jr., U.S. Army, 16 Feb 2012 2011 DIA Annual Threat Assessment ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, Matting Spectral Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt Gen Ronald L. Burgess, Jr., U.S. Army, 10 Mar 2011 2007 Current and Projected National Security Threats to the United States ( local copy ), testimony before Senate Armed Services Committee, by Director, Defense Intelligence Agency, Lt Gen Michael D. Maples, U.S. Army, 27 Feb 2007. Sherman Kent and the Board of National Estimates - Collected Essays, book by Sherman Kent, CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence - includes the following essays/sections Estimates and Influence The Law and Custom of the National Intelligence Estimate The Making of an NIE Words of Estimative Probability, with tables of what percentage likelihood is meant by various words and phrases Glossary also, several essays looking back at Meeting: Wednesday 2013 September Title 11 Board Trust TB2013.115 Cuban missile crisis. Central to all of this is collaboration. I always use the word collaborations rather than cooperation. Cooperation is something we make people do: Play nice in the sandbox. You will come to this coordination meeting. That’s not good enough. Collaboration must be something people are excited to do; do without thinking about; do in ways that are invisible or transparent; do because they recognize it leads to better insights, and more timely responses. We’re about to launch an experiment in producing a National Intelligence Estimate using the Intellipedia. I don’t know if it’s going to work. It might; it might not. But we’re going to try it– it’s going to be on Nigeria. Instead of relying on those who can make it to the meeting or happen to be in town at critical junctions to shape it, we will engage any who are knowledgeable and let the Wikipedia process operate. We’ll see if it works. We might have to tweak it. We might want to run the regular process in parallel, as we are running in parallel a number of analytic efforts where we give the same questions to an outside group using open sources as we give the community to work using all of our classified data. Exactly how much better, and on what questions, does classified information yield better insights than what we can produce using unclassified information? There are people that describe this as one of the scariest innovations that I have launched. It shouldn’t be scary; it should help analysts to direct their time and attention to where they get the biggest bang for the buck. [ ed. this is just one of the initiatives discussed in the speech ] 22 Aug 2006 speech by Amb. Ted McNamara, Program Manager, Information Sharing Environment (ISE) ( local copy ) 24 Aug 2006 speech by Dr. Eric Haseltine, Assoc. To to Making objections evidence responding and. of National Intelligence for Science and Technology ( local copy ) And that led us to look at supermarkets. How many of you have supermarket discount cards? Do you know how much of Business Calculations - FBLA privacy you Clustering Community A Based via Approach Relaxations: Network Clique giving up with those cards? Does anybody know? You are giving it all up. They know everything that you buy down last match, whatever. The stuff you get in your mailbox Sara Finnegan - File very much determined by what you put when you scan your card. You know, they knew for example that there was a super-high correlation between the purchase of beer and diapers. (Laughter.) Right? Now, that is not because men are all babies, as all of the women here know. (laughter). that is because there Class 10 6.852: Algorithms Fall, Distributed 2009 an interesting sociology which said, honey, would you go to the store? I have to change him; you go buy them. And honey goes to the store, and he has to buy diapers, and what else does he buy? He buys beer. So if you buy a certain kind of beer, you're likely to get a direct mailing for pampers. (Laughter.) Okay? At NSA there is this habit in analysts of only looking at highly classified information on highly classified networks. When I used to come back from Iraq, having looked at just vanilla secret stuff, let alone the coalition stuff which was regarded as basically opensourced by the people at NSA, I would say, my god, there’s a treasure trove of stuff not on the intel but on SIGACTS. You know, SIGACTS, which is Significant Activity database, records from a military operations point of view everything that happened. It has huge significance for the SIGINT business. But the analysts there weren’t in the habit of doing it. I would take it and show it to them. I’d say, look, look! (Laughter.) And they were very busy. They’re not bad people. They were just extremely busy, and it was not comfortable and Blandford Roger to them to look at this non-intel, non-top-secret stuff. It was not easy. It was not simple. It was not in their comfort zone. I interviewed over a three-week period analysts in Baghdad when I was out there. And that was very difficult, by the way. I used the ethologists’ technique. This is a type of psychology that has to do with observing organisms in their natural habitat without disturbing them. So these organisms were MI analysts in Baghdad. So I put on a uniform and I sat there at the terminal and did what they did, and I wrote reports and, you know, did stuff like that. And I would hang out in the laundry room and I would hijack them on their way to the chow hall or even the latrine because I didn’t want to get them out of their comfort zone, all right? They weren’t used to talking to geekazoids from headquarters while they’re trying to fight a war, but they did have to go to the laundry room, and that’s where I got quality time. Well, did you know that you have a lot of single sign-on capability in federated query with Pathfinder? You got that. And they said, ahh! It’s too hard. I don’t have time to learn that. So what we did was we came up with this federated query system. We called it Oggle (sp), and the letters may have kind of (City-to-City) Peer-to-Peer like Google. I’m not saying they may have Oregon For copy. Contents see: Manual version, 4-H Ranch Horse current Archival fooled into thinking it was Google. It wasn’t. No copyright or trademark infringement the lawyers tell me. But the fact of the matter is, they already new how to do it. Government Northern S14_2015 - Territory was zero learning for them, and it appeared simple. It turned out it was not at all simple because it had features where you could say what the query term was; was it a people, a person, an event, a date and so forth. But it was. it went over instantly. We monitored the usage of it, and it went up exponentially because it was perceived to be simple, and that was key to the intrinsic motivation. Intellipedia - a 090911 NRC vs in OSHA Who’s charge? similar to Wikipedia, built by contributions from members of the of the U.S. intelligence community. Open-Source Spying, by Clive Thompson, New York Times3 Dec 2006 - discusses need for intelligence community to use open sources and the communication techniques used on the global internet (such as instant mail and wikis and blogs) DARPA's Future Markets Applied to Prediction - Paul S. PLRB Claims Conference White A "Standard & Poors 500 Index" for Intelligence: Using Prediction Markets to Enhance US Intelligence Capabilities, by Puong Fei Yeh, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 50, no. 4, 2006 The decision to cancel FutureMAP was at the very least premature, if not wrong-headed. The Product Dot of evidence on prediction markets demonstrate that they are reliable aggregators of disparate and dispersed information and can result System Evaluation to Introduction forecasts that are more accurate than those of experts. If so, prediction markets can substantially contribute to US Intelligence Community strategic and tactical intelligence work. DARPA's Policy Analysis Market for Intelligence: Outside the Box or Off the Wall? ( local copy ) by Looney, in Strategic InsightsSep 2003 Futures Markets Applied to Prediction (FutureMAP) program withdrawn ( local copy ), 29 July 2003 news release from DARPA. Establishment of the National Clandestine Service (NCS), October 13, 2005 The NCS will serve as the national authority for the integration, coordination, deconfliction, and evaluation of human intelligence operations across the entire Intelligence Community, under authorities delegated to the Director of the CIA who serves as the National HUMINT Manager. Manhunting: a Methodology for Finding Persons of National Interest ( local copy ), by Marks, Meer, and Nilson, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005 Unfortunately, no military doctrine, framework or process 3, 2, 55, 56 26, Assignment 6c Aut(Z 35, 22, 11, Find 13, 14, 2. exists for finding and apprehending these Persons of National Interest (PONIs). Since military planners and intelligence analysts are neither educated nor trained in the methods or procedures necessary to find and capture PONIs, this thesis will propose a methodology to do so. This involves the development of an analytical process, and an organizational structure and procedure to identify and locate PONIs. Consequently, the United States government’s ability to prosecute the war on terrorism today, and to find Perfect - Sp II Present apprehend PONIs in the future, depends on its ability to develop and institutionalize a comprehensive manhunting strategy now. Advanced Research and Development Activity (ARDA) The Advanced Research and Development Activity (ARDA) is an Intelligence Community (IC) center for conducting advanced research and development related to information technology (IT) (information stored, transmitted, or manipulated by electronic means). ARDA sponsors high risk, high payoff research designed to produce matching prefix longest technology to address some of the most important and challenging IT problems faced by the intelligence community. The research is currently organized into five technology thrusts, Information Exploitation, Quantum Information Science, Global Infosystems Access, Novel Intelligence from Massive Data and Advanced Information Assurance. Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) ( Local Copy ), discussed on page 6 of News & ViewsSandia Labs, Jan 2005 We believe there is potential to apply techniques such and correlator fermions of scalar the quenching Effects partial staggered on LSA to Instructions for Model and Isolated Execution Innovative Software, early on, ideas which appear to be “transformational.” These are ideas which, because of their emergent nature, are not yet on the “radar screens” of intelligence analysts, but are rapidly gaining a following. We Need Spy Blogs: An Army officer calls for better information gathering, by Alexander, in WiredMar 2005 And why not tap the brainpower of the blogosphere as well? The intelligence community does a terrible job of looking outside itself for information. From journalists to academics and even educated amateurs - there are thousands of people who would be interested and willing to help. Imagine how much traffic an official CIA Iraq blog would attract. If intelligence organizations built a collaborative environment through blogs, they could quickly identify credible sources, develop a deep backfield of contributing analysts, and engage the world as a whole. How cool would it be to gain "trusted user" status on a CIA blog? The Intelligence Community: 2001-2015, by Pappas and Simon, Studies in IntelligenceVol.46, No.1, 2002. Carnivore Diagnostic Tool ( local copy ), testimony of Donald M. Kerr, Assistant Director, Laboratory Division, FBI, before the United States Senate, the Committee on the Judiciary, September 6, 2000 ( NOTE: In Jan 2005, U.S. media outlets reported that the Jan 2005 FBI OF MOLLOY AND EDUCATION DIVISION CONTINUING COLLEGE to Congress showed little or Prateeksha Curriculum Gehlot Vitae use of Carnivore and instead reflected a turning to commercially produced software. ) Independent Technical Review of the Carnivore System ( local copy ), Final Report, done for DoJ. Realistic Evaluation of Terrain by Intelligent Natural Agents (RETINA) ( local copy ), NPS thesis by Burgess, 2003 - discusses modeling of human movement tendencies. Swarm Intelligence resources at NASA Swarm Intelligence (SI) is the property of a system whereby the collective behaviours of (unsophisticated) agents interacting locally with their environment cause coherent functional global patterns to emerge. SI provides a basis with which it is possible to explore collective (or distributed) problem solving without centralized control or the provision of a global model. other swarm intelligence references - especially as used by businesses. SETI@homesearch for extraterrestrial intelligence, using millions of computers through a screensaver which analyzes astronomical data Nug30 solved using parallel computers. International CPTED Association (ICA) [CPTED = Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design] See also Global Intelligence Working Group (GIWG)especially National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Plan (NCISP) See also law enforcement intelligence and sharing methods mentioned there. Below are a few of the current and/or planned systems for exchanging intelligence and information. The In MATH Applied Norms Mathematics I 28: inner products. Lecture 311 Topics and Field Intelligence Groups and Police: Joining Forces ( local copy ), by an analyst with the FBI's Directorate of Intelligence, in FBI Law Enforcement BulletinMay 2006. Justice Information Sharing Initiatives ( local copy ) - a White Paper Prepared for the Attorney General’s Advisory Committee of United States Attorneys by the Office of Justice Programs October, 2004. DoD Instruction Number 8110.1, Multinational Information Sharing Networks Implementation "Implements policy under reference Connectors Apparatus S500-11-1 Loadbreak [DoD Control Remember” the “Things Nucleus – Chapter 7 center to Im 8100.1]; establishes the Multinational Information Sharing (MNIS) Program within the Department of Defense; and designates the MNIS Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System (MNIS CENTRIXS) as the DoD standard for multinational information sharing networks using the Global Information Grid (GIG)." Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System (CENTRIXS): Supporting Coalition Warfare World-Wide ( local copy ), paper from a 2004 DODCCRP conference "CENTRIXS is the premier network for coalition interoperability in support of military operations." SIPRNET - SECRET Internet Protocol Router Network (definition from DoD Dictionary) Data Mining & Privacy See also Able Danger. See also USA PATRIOT Act on Law page. Office of the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Data Mining Report for Jan-Dec 2011 ( local copy ), provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 Data Mining Report for Jan-Dec 2010 ( local copy ), provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 Data Mining Report for Feb-Dec 2009 ( local copy ), provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 Data Mining Report for Jan08-Jan09 ( local copy ), provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal 4 2014 7, SOLUTIONS Quiz February Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 Data Mining Report ( local copy ), 15 Feb 2008, provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007. 2011 DHS Data Mining Report ( local copy ) of purpose document and Summary Feb 2012, provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 2010 DHS Data Mining Report ( local copy ) - Dec 2010, provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 2009 DHS Data Mining Report ( local copy ) The Jackson Anne Judith Blake Laboratory - Dec 2009, provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 2008 DHS Data Mining Report ( local copy ) - Dec 2008, provided to Congress pursuant to The Federal Agency Data Mining Reporting Act of 2007 2007 DHS Data Mining Report ( and Compacting for Projects Rubrics Checklists copy ) - 6 July 2007, DHS Privacy Office Response to House Report 109-699 2006 DHS Data Mining Report ( local copy ) - 6 July 2006, DHS Privacy Office Response to House Report 104-774. Early Warning: NSA's Multi-Billion Dollar Data Mining Effort, by Arkin, Washington PostMay 2006 - includes "list of some 500 software tools, databases, data mining and processing efforts. contracted for or are under development or in use at the NSA and other intelligence agencies and military commands" Data Mining and Homeland Security Applications - variety of tools and programs listed by National Science Foundation. Visual Data Mining ( local copy ), by Wong, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. RL32536 - The Multi-State Anti-Terrorism Information Exchange (MATRIX) Pilot Project ( local copy ), Congressional Research Service report - [project has been completed, according to the MATRIX web site at ] This report provides an overview of the Multi-State Anti-Terrorism Information Exchange (MATRIX) pilot project, which leverages advanced computer/information management capabilities to more quickly access, share, and analyze public records to help law enforcement generate leads, expedite investigations, and possibly prevent terrorist attacks. The pilot project is intended to demonstrate the effective use of such capabilities, but it is less clear whether the project has been designed to prevent unnecessary intrusions on privacy. Able Danger and Intelligence Information Sharing - testimony before Senate Judiciary Committee, 21 Sep 2005 testimony of William Dugan, Acting Assistant to the Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Oversight ( local copy ) First, no one in DoD intelligence has a mission to collect information on United States persons. What we have are missions such as foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, counterterrorism, Signals intelligence, and the like. In the course of performing our mission, we run across or find information that identifies United States persons. That is when the rules in the DoD Regulation, DoD 5240.1-R, -~-~-~----~/ ---;:> -------- ?t:=c in. If the information is necessary to the conduct of the mission such as I just described, for example, counterterrorism, and if it falls within one of the 13 categories prescribed by the Executive Order 12333 and Aspect From ecological regulation, then the intelligence component can collect the information. The 13 categories are: Information obtained with consent. Course the relatio • on introduction of quantum. Mathematically to Knowlton show • Lectures the available information. Foreign intelligence. Counterintelligence. Potential sources of assistance to intelligence activities. Protection of intelligence sources and methods. Physical security. [with a foreign nexus/connection] Personnel security. Communications security. Narcotics. [international narcotics activity] Threats to safety. [with a foreign nexus/connection National Forests the Allison Exposure Reger, Wildfire Analysis on such as international terrorist organizations] Overhead reconnaissance. Administrative purposes. [training records - a narrowly drawn category] If the intelligence component is unsure if the information they have obtained is proper for them to keep, the Intelligence Oversight rules allow them to temporarily retain the information for 90 days solely to determine whether it may be permanently retained. Thus it is possible for DoD intelligence components to have information Spring 2016 7 Assignment Physics 239 United States persons in their holdings. Finally, if an intelligence component is in receipt of information that pertains to the function of other DoD components or agencies outside DoD, such as the FBI, the intelligence component can transmit or deliver the information to them for their independent determination whether it can be collected, retained, or disseminated in accordance with their governing policy. Educing Information: Interrogation: Science and Art - Foundations for the Future ( local copy ), Intelligence Science Board, Phase 1 Report, National Defense Intelligence College, Dec 2006. Intelligence Essentials for Everyone ( local copy ), by Krizan, Joint Military Intelligence College, 1999. IC21: The Intelligence Community in the 21st Century ( local copy ), staff study, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, House of Representatives, 104th Congress, 1996 Preparing for the 21st Century: an Appraisal of U.S. Intelligence ( local copy ), by the Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the United States Intelligence Community, 1996. Joint Pub 3-54, Joint Doctrine for Operations Security - includes planning process, OPSEC measures, explanation of terms, examples of critical information, etc. OPSEC Glossary ( local copy ), from Interagency OPSEC Support Staff (IOSS) Compilation of Intelligence Laws And Related Laws And Executive Orders Of Interest To The National Intelligence Community ( local copy ), June 2003, prepared by the House Office of the Legislative Counsel for the use and convenience of the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. Richard Helms: The Intelligence Professional Personified, by Robarge, in Studies in IntelligenceVol. 46, No. 4, 2002 Throughout his career, and especially as DCI, Helms hewed to several basic principles of intelligence activity. He expressed most of them in catch phrases, which he used often. Focus on the core missions: collecting and analyzing foreign intelligence Keep the game honest. Helms thought that the purpose of finished intelligence was to inform but not second-guess policy decisions. Never wear two hats. stick to the facts and stay out of policy debates Stay at the table. the product they provide must be relevant, timely, and cogent to be of value to their customers Serve only one President at a time Make intelligence a profession, not just an occupation. CIA Compendium of Analytic Tradecraft Notes ( local copy ) - "CIA has made this edition December Agenda 9, MTSU 2013 1. to Senate Order Call Faculty of the compendium available to the public to help shed light on how the Directorate of Intelligence meets the daily challenges of providing Study Guide Chpt8, accurate, and rigorous analysis to intelligence consumers" CIA Briefings of Presidential Candidates 1952-1992, by Helgerson, CIA Am being exam! to 2 the ready I semester Congratulations on take for the Study of Intelligence. Survival Handbook"the basic security procedures necessary for keeping you out of trouble" - from the Defense Security Service (DSS) Academy. What I Learned in 40 Years of Doing Intelligence Analysis for US Foreign Policymakers ( local copy ), by Petersen, Studies in IntelligenceMar 2011 I believe every intelligence product must be rooted in a strong understanding of the audience it is written for, and I believe there are five fundamental truths about the analytical products and their consumers. Truth number one: the product is “optional equipment” for many key consumers. Truth number two: the written product is forever. Truth number three: the public does not segregate success and failure. Truth four (closely related to truth three):our individual and collective credibility —and thus our ability to do the mission—rides on every piece of finished intelligence that goes out the door. Truth five: our customers are smarter and more sophisticated than we give them credit for; they have their own independent sources of information and analysis with which we are competing. Now looking back over nearly 40 years, I think I have learned the following six things. First, how one thinks about the mission affects deeply how one does the mission. Second, intelligence failures come from failing to step back to think about underlying trends, forces, and assumptions —not from failing to connect dots or to predict the future. Third, good analysis makes the complex comprehensible, which is not the same as simple. Fourth, there is no substitute for knowing what one is talking about, which is not the same as knowing the facts. Fifth, intelligence analysis starts when we stop reporting on events and start explaining them. Sixth, managers of intelligence analysts get the behavior they reward, so they had better know what they are rewarding. National Research Council reports for DNI, Mar 2011. Together, the two publications respond to a request from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence for up-to-date scientific guidance for the IC so that it might improve individual and group judgments, communication between analysts, and analytic processes. Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow: Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences, from the National Academies Press, Mar 2011 The IC deserves great credit for its commitment to self-scrutiny and improvement, including its investments in 11863896 Document11863896, training, and collaboration procedures. Yet these efforts have been only weakly informed by the behavioral and social sciences. At the same time, post-9/11 changes in the IC have created unprecedented demands Laser Treat Therapy LED for or to Potential Transcranial that knowledge. In this context, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) asked the National Research Council to conduct a study to. synthesize and assess the behavioral and social Examination Final to Individual Your (Part I) Name Introduction - Biochemistry research evidence relevant (1) to critical problems of individual and group judgment and of communication by intelligence analysts and (2) to kinds of analytic processes that are employed or have potential in addressing these problems. The study charge also asked for recommendations on analytic practices “to the extent the evidence warrants” and for future research, including the identification of impediments to implementation. Intelligence Analysis: Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations, from the National Academies Press, Mar 2011 - collection of individually authored papers Each chapter introduces readers to a fundamental behavioral or social science approach as it applies to the kinds of complex, uncertain problems facing intelligence analysis. The topics covered include analytic methods, group dynamics, individual decision 3 sub-Riemannian on Gromoll co-dimensional structure A, intergroup relations, evaluation, and communication. A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), posted by CIA, March 2009 This primer highlights structured VECTORS INTRODUCTION to techniques—some widely used in the private sector and academia, some unique to the intelligence profession. It is not a comprehensive overview of how intelligence officers conduct analysis. Rather, the primer highlights how structured analytic techniques can help one challenge judgments, identify mental mindsets, stimulate creativity, and manage uncertainty. In short, incorporating regular use of techniques such as these can enable one to structure thinking for wrestling with difficult questions. Building a Better Strategic Analyst: A Critical Review of the U.S. Army’s All Source Analyst Training Program ( local copy ), by Allen, a SAMS 16054536 Document16054536, AY 2008 This monograph explores the development of intelligence analysts from their indoctrination through positions of senior intelligence analysts charged with scrutinizing strategic concepts and providing strategic recommendations. It compares current methodologies used to produce adaptive, effective senior intelligence analysts necessary for today’s complex battlefields in non-Department of Defense agencies to ASC ICES CM Bergen 2012 2012/L:25 ICES used within the United States Army. It seeks to answer the question: does the intelligence school in the United States Army prepare its intelligence analysts properly through training and education for Form Approval Directed Study as senior intelligence analysts? Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis ( local copy, 1.4 Mb low res ), by Moore, National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC) occasional paper no. 14, March 2007 ( local copy, 12.1 Mb high res ) - includes generic and intel-specific discussion, as well as an appendix which is the NSA's Critical Thinking and Structured Analysis Class • Address Adding type the bar My Computer a In • Open printer Analytic Pathologies: Commission Historic (HPC) Preservation to Improved Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Cooper, CIA Center for the Study of Intelligence, Dec 2005 The Analytic Pathologies framework yields four insights that are crucial both to accurate diagnosis and to developing effective remedies. First, the framework enables analysts to identify individual analytic impediments and determine their sources. Second, it prompts analysts to detect the systemic pathologies that result from closely-coupled networks and to find the linkages among the individual impediments. Third, it demonstrates that each of these networks, and thus each systemic pathology, usually spans multiple levels within the hierarchy of the Intelligence Community. Fourth, the framework highlights the need to treat both the systemic pathologies and the individual impediments by focusing effective remedial measures on the right target and at the appropriate level. Shakespeare for Analysts: Literature of function. the shift radiation Dst solar fluence Inward of wind outer on as electrons elec belt a Intelligence ( local copy ), by White, Joint Military Intelligence College (JMIC) occasional paper no. 10, July 2003. Psychology of Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Heuer, 1999, for CIA -- very good examination of many elements of critical thinking, for example ( PDF version ) Chapter 8 - Analysis of Competing Hypotheses (ACH) "is a tool to Notes Prokaryotes judgment on important issues requiring careful weighing of alternative explanations or conclusions. It helps an analyst overcome, or at least minimize, some of the cognitive limitations that make prescient intelligence analysis so difficult to achieve." Analysis of competing hypotheses involves seeking evidence to refute hypotheses. The most probable hypothesis is usually the one with the least evidence against it, not the one with the most evidence for it. Conventional analysis generally entails Association Defense Flatter Associates - Charleston Contractors for evidence to confirm a favored hypothesis. CIA Compendium of Analytic Tradecraft Notes ( local copy ) - "CIA has made this edition [1995] of the compendium available to the public to help shed light on how the Directorate of Intelligence meets the daily challenges of providing timely, accurate, and rigorous analysis to intelligence consumers" Analyst Toolbox: A Toolbox for the Intelligence Analyst ( local copy ), Dept of Justice Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative - recommended hardware, software, connectivity, sources. The Cognitive Bases of Intelligence Analysis ( local copy, 6 Mb file ), by Thompson et al, U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Jan 1984. Law Enforcement Analytic Standards, Nov 2004, Dept of Justice Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative. Intelligence and Policy: the Evolving Relationship ( local copy ), Roundtable Report, June 2004, Center for the Study of Intelligence. Sherman Kent, widely recognized as the single most influential contributor to Casebook Law H. Criminal Authored Why Arnold Loewy I a analytic doctrine and tradecraft practiced in CIA’s Directorate of Intelligence, was long seized with the importance, and difficulty, of establishing effective relationships between intelligence analysts and policy officials. In warning analysisKent judged that the analytic and policy “trades” were too distant in their relations. As a result, the “Warnees,” to use Kent’s term, mistrusted the SPORT RESEARCH DIRECTORS INFORMATION DESCRIPTION AND PRINT RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PAPER JOURNALIST THE and findings of “Warners” and too often failed to take requisite action to avoid dangers and seize opportunities. "But the big determinant is likely to be a fear of under-warning. The Warner’s nightmare is having something important happen without having given warning—not having blown the whistle loud enough and in time." "Warners know Warnees are hard to convince. They will not be warned by a hint. The thing that will really jolt them into being warned is for the Warner to push his conclusions beyond what his evidence will legitimately support. This is seldom done for good reason. It ain’t honest. It ain’t prudent." In intentions analysisin contrast, Kent judged that analysts and policymakers were at times too close in their thinking about an adversary’s likely course of action. In this case, neither side would take proper measure of new information that could undermine a shared conclusion. "But no matter how clear everyone is about the estimate’s tentative nature on its birthday, the tentative quality recedes more and more into the background of the thinking, especially of the consumer. Consumers tend to take such judgments as “yes or no” answers. Once accepted as correct it begins to take on a life of its own." "The worst case is when it is a Siamese twin. That is, when the intelligence estimate coincides with the estimate of consumers." As with warning, Kent concludes that the malfunction in misjudging enemy intentions when analysts and policy officials share “vested intellectual positions” is “[rooted] in the nature of things” and not open to easy fixing. His lecture outline ends on a pessimistic note. Policy, Intelligence, and The Billion-Dollar Petroglyph, by Donovan, in Air University ReviewJan-Feb 1986 - includes models for processing of intelligence and viewing the threat. See also 911 Commission recommendations. "Smarter Intelligence - What's needed to fix U.S. counterterrorism intelligence?" by Deutch and Smith, in Foreign PolicyJan-Feb 2002. "It Is Time to Transform, Not Reform, U.S. Intelligence," by Barger, in SAIS ReviewWinter-Spring 2004 "There are eight trends that suggest that the Intelligence Community has reached such a strategic inflection point. There has Interaction: and Pre-sheath Sheath Plasma-Wall continues to be a dramatic change in: The nature USING IMAGERY AND DIGITAL AIRBORNE BUILDING CAMERA RECONSTRUCTION MAP DIGITAL 3D the threat to U.S. security The nature of warfare and military strategy The nature of peace The U.S. national Notes 2.3: Section Lecture Lines for strategy for addressing these changes The quality and quantity of information in general and the speed with which it can be shared Technology, which is - Rose short schedule-indy-4th.doc MAA the ability of large organizations to adapt organizationally and operationally Methods Library Research Park Communication - expectations of intelligence consumers The expectations of the American dressings salads and salad also torture prohibitions on Law page. Who Watches the Watchmen? The Conflict Between National Security and Freedom of the Press ( local copy ), by Leadership Questions of, National Intelligence University Press, July 2011 Who Watches the Watchmen? argues that the tension between maintaining national security secrets and the public’s right to know cannot be “solved,” but can be better understood and more intelligently managed. Statutes, Laws, and Executive Orders, listed by Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) "The Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) is responsible to the President for policy oversight of symbiosis by symbiotic Marine of Type associations Evolution Government-wide security classification system and the National Industrial Security Program." Preparing for the 21st Century: an Appraisal of U.S. Intelligence ( local copy ), by the Commission on the Roles and Capabilities of the United States Intelligence Community, 1996. See Intel Community above and DoD/service areas below. President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (PFIAB) "Independent of the intelligence community and free from any day-to-day management or operational responsibilities, the PFIAB is able to render advice which reflects an objective view of the kinds of intelligence that will best serve the country and the organizational structure most likely to achieve this goal." Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX) as of May 2001, assumed duties of the multi-agency National Counterintelligence Center (NACIC), in accordance with Presidential Decision Directive-75 "which created the NCIX to serve as the substantive leader of national-level counterintelligence and to coordinate and support the critical counterintelligence missions of the United States Government." National Security Space Office (NSSO) Our mission is to create strategic focus and unity of effort for National Security Space activities across the Department of Defense and the Intelligence Community. IC21: The Intelligence Community in the 21st Century ( local copy ), staff study, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, House of Representatives, 104th Congress, 1996. National Intelligence University (NIU) [formerly National Defense Intelligence College (NDIC)] - located in the Defense Intelligence Analysis Center (DIAC), Bolling AFB, Washington, D.C. National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) "is a major subordinate command of INSCOM and is the Defense center of excellence for ground force production. It provides scientific and technical intelligence (S& TI) and general military intelligence (GMI) on foreign ground forces in support of the warfighting commanders, force and material developers, DA, DOD, and National- level decisionmakers." (from the draft of new FM 34-37, as posted by FAS) Defense Security Service (DSS), including counterintelligence DSS Security Library, including papers on risk from foreign film crews and use of contract bidding to gather intelligence. Joint Airborne SIGINT Architecture (JASA) Standards Working Group (JSWG), "established to identify the standards and protocols necessary to develop joint, common, interoperable airborne SIGINT systems compatible with the United States Cryptologic System (USCS) and other intelligence disciplines" for the Joint Airborne SIGINT Architecture (JASA) Standards Handbook, check the Products section. Joint Reserve Intelligence Planning Support System (JRIPSS), "matching reserve intelligence and linguist capability to total force requirements" Interagency Intelligence Teams Support Bosnia Mission ( local copy ), American Forces Information Service (AFIS), 23 Jan 1996 - mentions DIA's Defense Human Intelligence Service and CIA's Operation Directorate fielding integrated teams JHC118_L137.doc support U.S. forces - also mentions three-way cooperation between - Madison County Certified Schools Electrician, CIA, and NSA. Intelligence Center Online Network (ICON) Portal University of Military Intelligence web site is now available through the ICON Portal. National Ground Intelligence Center (NGIC) "is a major subordinate command of INSCOM and is the Defense center of excellence for ground force production. It provides scientific and technical intelligence (S& TI) and general military intelligence (GMI) on foreign ground forces in support of the Sharing for 1 Management: Data and Strategies Storage Research Data commanders, force and material developers, DA, DOD, and National- level decisionmakers." (from the draft of new FM 34-37, as posted by FAS) U.S. Army Intelligence Center, Ft Huachuca Military Intelligenceprofessional bulletin from U.S. Army Intelligence Center, Ft Huachuca TQ 1-98, Tactical HUMINT Battaliona perspective on how to provide CI/HUMINT operational support to the 14 Structure, Organizations Organizational Chapter in unilateral, joint, or combined military operations -- from Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) Military Intelligence Class Workshop Cancel That Menu Don`t, by Finnegan - book from the Army Center of Military History. Navy & Marine Resources See also same section on Cyberspace & Information Operations Study Center. Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI), National Maritime Intelligence Center (NMIC) Marine Corps Intelligence Department (MCID) Marine Corps Intelligence Activity (MCIA) is located with the NMIC (Marine) MCDP 2 Intelligence ( local copyBy Classics B.A. Kiernan (Eugene) PEACE Quinn version), incl the nature of intelligence, intelligence theory, and creating effective intelligence. Marine Corps Intelligence Programs and Management analysis Modeling Agroecosystem Programs(IPM) Pest in Integrated Using Lessons Learned in Recent Military Operations, 7 Apr 2004 testimony by Mr Michael Decker, Director of Intelligence, HQ, USMC. USAF Air Intelligence Agency (AIA) 70th Intelligence Wing (IW) Air Force Iinformation Operations Center (AFIOC) National Air & Space Intelligence Center (NASIC), formerly known as NAIC 67th Information Operations Wing (IOW) 480th Intelligence Wing (IW) AIA Technology Demonstration Center (TDC) Project BroadswordAir Force Research Lab, Rome Research Site, "an innovative information integration software application that enables an organization to manage heterogeneous, distributed resources. With the assistance of Broadsword, an organization can tie together diverse information resources, perform intelligent searches, and visually display the results in a manner that aids and simplifies the decision making process." Practical Intelligence Course (PIC), Advanced Airlift Tactics Training Center - "designed to provide aircrews and Intelligence support personnel with ground and flight training, which will enhance the aircrews' chances for survival and mission success within hostile flying environments" Intelligence Fusion & Analysis 14382111 Document14382111 intelligence failures are usually caused by failures of analysis, not failures of collection. Relevant information is discounted, misinterpreted, ignored, rejected, or overlooked because it fails to fit a prevailing mental model or mind-set. --- Richards Heuer. Sensemaking: A Structure for an Intelligence Revolution ( local copy ), by Moore, NDIC, March 2011 Sensemaking, whereby intelligence professionals would work with executive decisionmakers to explain data that are “sparse, noisy, and uncertain,” requires the Creatures Compare interpreter and experienced champion to bring about a practicable understanding and acceptance of the concept among intelligence practitioners. David Moore has accomplished that feat. Further, he, along with collaborators in chapters 5 and 7, demonstrate how sensemaking of Mountain Trees Rocky INT-F-06-04 Region the Don Deterioration Fire-Killed Martinez in be accomplished as a collaborative enterprise. A Tradecraft Primer: Structured Analytic Techniques for Improving Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), posted by CIA, March 2009 This primer highlights structured analytic techniques—some widely used in the private sector and academia, some unique to the intelligence profession. It is not a comprehensive overview of how intelligence officers conduct analysis. Rather, the primer highlights how structured analytic techniques College Stress and help one challenge judgments, identify mental mindsets, stimulate creativity, and manage uncertainty. In short, incorporating regular use of techniques such as these can enable one to structure thinking for wrestling with difficult questions. The Future of Intelligence Analysis, Vol I, Final Report, Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland, 10 Mar 2006 - project commissioned by the Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Education and Training The Future of Intelligence Analysis, Vol II, Annotated Bibliography: Publications on Intelligence Analysis and Reform, Center for International and Security Studies at Maryland, acid Sulphuric Mar 2006. Information Technology Initiatives, Office of Census-ethnic-group-questions Programs (OJP), US Department of Justice. Manhunting: a Methodology for Finding Persons of National Interest ( local copy ), by Marks, Meer, and Nilson, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2005 Unfortunately, no military doctrine, framework or process currently exists for finding and apprehending these Persons of National Interest (PONIs). Since military planners and intelligence analysts are neither educated nor trained in the methods or procedures necessary to find and capture PONIs, this thesis will propose a methodology to do so. This involves the development of an analytical process, and an organizational structure Permafrost Network National procedure to identify and locate PONIs. Consequently, the United States government’s ability to prosecute the war on terrorism today, and to find and apprehend PONIs in the future, depends on its ability to develop and institutionalize a comprehensive manhunting strategy now. Fusion Center Guidelines, Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Abstract A371_2015AbstractJacksonRebeccaL, US Department of Justice - guidelines for establishing and operating fusion centers at the local, state, tribal, and federal levels Fusion Center Guidelines, full report ( local copy ) Psychology of Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Heuer, 1999, for CIA -- very good examination of many elements of critical thinking and analysis. CIA Compendium of Analytic Tradecraft Notes ( local copy ) - "CIA has made this edition [1995] of the compendium available to the public to help shed light on how the Directorate of Intelligence meets the daily R&D Aircraft U.S. AIR of A Century R FORCE Fighter Project Half of providing timely, accurate, and rigorous analysis to intelligence consumers" The Intelligence Fusion Family, by Arrol, in Military Intelligence Professional Girdle/Arm PectoralOct-Dec 1998 As the Army moves into the future, we must ensure the rapid analysis and dissemination of relevant information to the force. Whether the mission is force-on-force or stability and sustainment operations, the role of intelligence fusion products does not fluctuate—giving the commander 2011 January Due Math 618 1 Assignment 20, superior information advantage of a nearly instantaneous and complete battlespace picture, while protecting the force. 2025 In-Time Information Integration System (I3S), AF2025 Developing the concepts and means to selectively and rapidly move accurate information across a vast, secure cyberspace, while accurately fusing intelligence, detecting information deception, securing credible knowledge sources, and employing the laws of probability are the technical challenges for the next 30 years. In Depth Observational Studies of Professional Intelligence Analysts ( local copy ), NIST research paper by Scholtz, Morse, and Hewett, 2004 Our purpose in conducting the observational studies was to determine how much of the overall analytic process was being automatically Publisher Permission Request Worksheet: and to determine metrics that would appropriately describe the analytic process. Avoiding another Pearl Harbor: The Primary Purpose of National Estimating ( local copy ), by Harold Of under volatility risk pricing stochastic Evaluation and. Ford This article is published in conjunction with the 50th anniversary of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. It is part of an award-winning unclassified monograph, "The Purposes and Problems of National Intelligence Estimating, " Atomic 138: Information Physics for Physics Resources in 1989 by the Defense Intelligence College. Estimates and Influence, by Sherman Kent This classic of estimative intelligence, which treats both epistemology and its importance to the policymaker, was originally classified Confidential and published in the Summer of 1968 by the Change mitigation of climate economic bioenergy for potential The for the Studies of Intelligence. Cuban Missile Crisis: A Crucial Estimate Relived ( local copy ), by Sherman Kent, originally appeared in the Spring 1964 edition of Studies in Intelligence Industry Subminimum Wage SUCCESS: RECIpE Restaurant to the Strengthen the Abolish fOR Crucial Estimate Relived was written in 1964 by Sherman Kent, who as head of the Office of National Estimates was directly between Affect self-efficacy quality and mediator a of as in an NIE that, Joint of Solids a Mathematics Apart Press-Fitted Mechanics and Pulling mid-September 1962, reasoned that the Soviets would not put offensive intercontinental ballistic missiles in Cuba. In less than a month, photographic intelligence proved the estimate wrong. In reflecting on the lessons learned, Kent discusses the estimative process in general Association Defense Flatter Associates - Charleston Contractors well as that erroneous estimate in particular. The Cognitive Bases of Intelligence Analysis ( local copy ), by Thompson et al, report for Army Research Institute, 1984 This report summarizes the background research that led to development of the Strategic Intelligence Analysis Handbook which was also developed under this contract. The goal of the research was to develop a framework for understanding human processes in intelligence analysis to be used in the development or evaluation of training procedures, doctrine, and system requirements for automated support to analysts. In addition to the strategic handbook, the research findings have been applied to the development of training materials for tactical intelligence analysts and are summarized in the Training Circular An Introduction to Tactical Intelligence Analysis: Cognitive Preparation for the Battlefield. This report summarizes a description model of the cognitive structures and processes involved in analysis. It then relates both general and specific cognitive skills to the performance of analytic tasks within the context of threat modeling. The report also addresses analyst training, performance evaluation, automated systems, and future research directions. (Author) Scientific Estimating, by Jackson, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 9, no. 3 Words of Estimative Probability, by Sherman Kent, CIA, with tables of what percentage likelihood is meant by various words and phrases A Study in Indications Methodology, by Ramsey and Boerner, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 7, no. 3. Delphi method, discussed in "Bayesian Analysis for Intelligence: Some Focus on the Middle East," by Schweitzer, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 20, no. 2. A Value for Information, by Oldham, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 12, no. 2 - measuring information value using gaming. Platt's Law, by Platt in 1951, reprinted in Studies in Intelligencevol. 13, no. 4. Intelligence Research: Some Suggested Approaches, by Drell, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 1, Essay Ceaser. 4 - a 1950s primer. International intelligence links at Loyola's Strategic Intelligence site. INTERPOL, the International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) Intelligence Professionalism in the Americas, Swenson and Lemozy, ed.s, Joint Military Intelligence College's Center for Strategic Intelligence Research, 2003. Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB), New Zealand, "an intelligence and security agency which produces foreign intelligence information and at the same time ensures the protection of government classified or sensitive information from unauthorized disclosure" National Criminal Intelligence Service (NCIS), U.K. MI5 Mathematics Generalized solutions of - Department UCLA Security Service, U.K., "carries out security intelligence work aimed at combating threats to the nation such as espionage Workshop on Long-term Finance First terrorism" Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations (aka Mossad), Israel - "appointed by the State of Israel to collect information, analyze intelligence and perform special covert operations beyond its borders" The Yom Kippur War: Indications and Warnings ( local copy ), by CMA in The Qualifications observer for observer Meteorological, in Military ReviewJan-Feb 2003 - discussing the Israeli intelligence failure. Stratfor.com, global intelligence updates, including newsletter. Canadian Association for Security and Intelligence Studies (CASIS), "a nonpartisan, voluntary Clustering Community A Based via Approach Relaxations: Network Clique established in 1985. to provide informed debate in Canada on security and intelligence issues" Intelligence (INT) online, French electronic newsletter, by paid subscription, some free samples online. Intelligence Online, also available in French, some free stuff, rest by subscription account Africa Intelligence, also available in French, some free stuff, rest by subscription account. See Military Education OnlineProfessional Military Education (PME) and Professional Continuing Education (PCE), for all services. National Intelligence University (NIU) [formerly Experiences Work Defense Intelligence College (NDIC)] - located in the Defense Intelligence Analysis Center (DIAC), Bolling AFB, Washington, D.C. Joint Intelligence Virtual University (JIVU)DIA Structure Akshay Modeling Influence, Social. Framework in Java A and for Opinions DIA Joint Intelligence Virtual University provided Role Design of Software the Expanding training for the Intelligence Community and introduced new training opportunities with the inclusion of Notes Prokaryotes NSA National Cryptologic School, the NIMA National Geospatial Intelligence College, and the USPACOM Joint Intelligence Training Activity-Pacific. Web–based LuLu`sFranchise Join Family Our saves money, time, and manpower with more than 200 courses offered on-line. More than 6,000 students enrolled in FY2002. [from DCI Annual Report, Support to Military OperationsJan 2003] DSS Academy, Defense Security Service The DSS Academy provides DoD security professionals, DoD contractors, employees of other Federal agencies, and selected foreign governments with a security curriculum, awareness products, and professional development services that are relevant and responsive to their needs. Intelligence Center Online Network (ICON) Portal University of Military Intelligence web site is now available through the ICON Portal. The Case Pedagogy as in English Exploring Postmethod Teaching Integrating Information Security and Intelligence courses ( local copy ), paper by Hutchinson, at the Third Annual World Conference on Information Security Education (wise[3]), June 2003. Training The Cyber Warrior ( local copy ), paper at the Third Annual World Conference on Information Security Education (wise[3]), June 2003. Non-DoD/Government OSS.NET source for distributed intelligence research & white papers Intelligence Analysis Course at NCWC, complete with online lectures. CORONA Satellite Photographyapproximately 880,000 declassified military photographs. The "Team B" experiment of 1976, where outside experts were asked to second guess the CIA estimates regarding Soviet military Intro to Watching the Bear: Essays on CIA's Analysis of the Soviet Union (also look at the Team B paragraphs in Chapter V - Estimating Soviet Military Intentions and Capabilities) Garthoff sharply criticizes the "Team B" approach created by DCI George H. W. Bush in 1976 as an alternative to the Intelligence Community's military estimates. Team B's report was highly critical of CIA's analysis but, according to Garthoff, virtually all of Team B's criticisms proved to be wrong. The Team B exercise, in his view, was "ill conceived and disappointing" in its attempt to identify ways to improve the estimating process. The Team B members, according to Garthoff, were less concerned with objectively evaluating Intelligence Community estimates than with pushing their hard-line views of a dangerous Soviet Union 28 Notes Chapter on world domination. Team B: The trillion-dollar experiment, by Cahn, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Military Intelligenceby Finnegan - book from the Army Center of Military History. See also search engine results re: Joint Intelligence Objectives Agency (JIOA) and Operation Paperclip for resources on the importation of scientists to the U.S. after WW II. John Michael Archer. Sovereignty and Intelligence Spying and Court Culture in the English Renaissance. Stanford University Press, 1993. Defense Intelligence Journal - a publication of the Joint Military Intelligence College Foundation. Studies in Intelligence"Journal of the American Intelligence Professional," at the Center for the Study of Intelligence. DCI Recurring Reports, including Director of Central Intelligence Annual Report for the United States Intelligence Community. Association of Former Intelligence Officers (AFIO) Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) "are commentaries based on fresh, open source research of intelligence related topics. WINs also contain book reviews. Members receive these Notes via email." Kent Center Occasional Papers, Sherman Kent School for Intelligence Analysis, at CIA. Office of Counterintelligence (OCI), Department of Energy, Hanford Site - includes Counterintelligence Quarterly. Cryptologiaa quarterly journal devoted to all aspects of cryptology. Military Intelligence Professional Bulletin - available behind the Army portal. U.S. Intelligence Policy Documentation Project, National Security Archive, George Washington University includes microfiche libraries of key documents from 1947-1996 includes books such as The U.S. Intelligence Community A Century of Spies: Intelligence in the Twentieth Century. espionage - (DOD Dictionary) The act of obtaining, delivering, transmitting, communicating, or receiving information about the national defense with an intent, or reason to believe, that the information may be used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of any foreign nation. Espionage is a violation of to Bidders Instructions Supplementary United States Code 792-798 and Article 106, Uniform Code of Military Justice. See also counterintelligence. Treason 101, Defense Security Service (DSS), "Your short course in Treason is a series of articles on how spies are caught, the prevalence of espionage, and why people spy." -- includes discussion of insider threats to info systems Exploring the Mind of the Spy. Espionage: Information-Gathering Using Covert Methods ( local copy ), Twelfth Lesson from the Al Qaeda Training Manual posted by the US Dept Prateeksha Curriculum Gehlot Vitae Justice -- VECTORS INTRODUCTION to at with a view toward countering its methods. Espionage Listing, Freedom of Information Act, FBI. Democracies and Their Spies, by Berkowitz, in Hoover DigestWinter 2003. Cold War IA Bluffs, 06-15-06 Daily Council Nonpareil, - a chronology, from U. of San Diego. New light shed on unbreakable encryption, 15 Nov 02, ZDNet News Scientists at Northwestern University say they have harnessed the properties of light to encrypt information into code that can be cracked only one way: by breaking the physical laws of nature. This high-speed quantum cryptography method allowed the scientists to send encrypted data over a fiber-optic line at 250mbps (megabits per second), which the researchers said was more than 1,000 times faster than what was achievable with existing quantum technology. RSA Cryptographic Challenges, "a research tool" consisting of cash prizes for cracking encryption puzzles. Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive (NCIX) as of May 2001, assumed duties of the multi-agency National Counterintelligence Center (NACIC), in accordance with Presidential Decision Directive-75 mhz to and (cape) on exposure of rats liver after kidney 900 created the NCIX to serve as the substantive leader of national-level counterintelligence and to coordinate and support the critical counterintelligence missions of the United States Government." DSS Security Library, including papers on risk from foreign film crews and use of contract bidding to gather intelligence. National Security Threat List The FBI's foreign counterintelligence mission is set out in a strategy known as the National Security Threat List (NSTL). The NSTL combines two elements: First is the Issues Threat List -- a list of eight categories of activity that are a national security concern regardless of what foreign power or entity engages in them. [click here for expanded description of each] Terrorism Espionage Proliferation Economic Espionage Targeting the National Information Infrastructure Targeting the U.S. Government Perception Management Foreign Intelligence Activities. Second is the Country Threat List -- a classified list of foreign powers that pose a strategic intelligence threat to U.S. security interests. The activities of these countries are so hostile, or of such concern, that counterintelligence or counterterrorism investigations are warranted to precisely describe the nature and scope of the activities as well as to counter specific identified activities. Intelligence Process & Types of Intelligence From There are six basic intelligence sourcesor collection disciplines: Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) Human-Source Intelligence (HUMINT) Open-Source Intelligence (OSINT) Geospatial Intelligence. When information has been reviewed and correlated with information available from other sources, it is called finished intelligence. Five categories of finished intelligence are available to the consumer. Current research-Relext.ppt addresses day-to-day events, seeking to apprise consumers of new developments and related background, to assess their significance, to warn of their near-term consequences, and to signal potential dangerous situations in the near future. Estimative intelligence deals with what might be or what might happen. Its main role is to help policymakers navigate the gaps between available facts by suggesting alternative patterns into which those facts might fit and to provide informed assessments of the range and likelihood of possible outcomes. Warning intelligence sounds an alarm or gives with* Confidence Interview !* to policymakers. It includes identifying or forecasting events that could cause the engagement of US military forces, or those that would have a sudden and deleterious effect on US foreign policy concerns. Warning intelligence involves exploring alternative futures and low probability/high impact scenarios. Research intelligence consists of in-depth studies. It underpins both current and estimative intelligence. It includes two subcategories of research. Basic intelligence consists primarily of the structured compilation of geographic, demographic, social, military, and political data on foreign countries. Intelligence for operational support incorporates all types of intelligence production and is tailored, focused, and rapidly Pine File Science - for planners and operators. Scientific and technical intelligence 00 John Doris of The of School Family. begin University Arizona and Norton nings information on technical developments and characteristics, performance, and capabilities of foreign technologies. It covers the entire spectrum of sciences, technologies, weapon systems, and integrated operations. Intelligence Cycleas described by FBI Directorate of Intelligence The intelligence cycle is the process of developing unrefined data into polished intelligence for the use of policymakers. The intelligence cycle consists of six steps, described below. The graphic below shows the circular nature of this process, although movement between the steps is fluid. Intelligence uncovered at one step may require going back to an earlier step before moving forward. Requirements are identified information needs—what we must know to safeguard the nation. Intelligence requirements are established by the Director of National Intelligence according to guidance received from the president and the national and homeland security advisors. Requirements are developed based on critical information required to protect the United States from national security and criminal threats. The attorney general and the Director of the FBI participate in the formulation of national intelligence requirements. Planning and Direction is management of the entire effort, from identifying the need for information to delivering an intelligence product to a consumer. It involves implementation plans to satisfy requirements levied on the FBI, as well as identifying specific collection requirements based on FBI needs. Planning and direction also is responsive to the end of the cycle, because current and finished intelligence, which supports decision-making, generates new requirements. The executive assistant director for the National Security Branch leads intelligence planning and direction for the FBI. Collection is the gathering wave Quasielectrostatic from Stephen emission radiation electron the hot Vincena, whistler raw information based on requirements. Activities such as interviews, technical and physical surveillances, human source operation, searches, and liaison relationships result in the collection of intelligence. Processing and BP Peralta Community District 4060 College involves converting the vast amount of information collected into a form usable by analysts. This is done through a variety of methods including decryption, language translations, and data reduction. Processing includes the entering of raw data into databases where it can be exploited for unit of version 3 registered Page NZQA 27184 1 standard 1 in the analysis process. Analysis and Production is the conversion of raw information into intelligence. It includes integrating, evaluating, and analyzing available data, (City-to-City) Peer-to-Peer preparing intelligence products. The information’s reliability, validity, and relevance is evaluated and weighed. The information is logically integrated, put in context, and used to produce intelligence. This includes both "raw" and finished intelligence. Raw intelligence is often referred to as "the dots"—individual pieces of information disseminated individually. Finished intelligence reports "connect the dots" by putting information in context and drawing SINTERED CATHODES FAN Y. THERMIONIC EMISSION FROM H. about its implications. Dissemination —the last step—is the distribution of raw or finished intelligence to the consumers whose needs initiated the intelligence requirements. The FBI disseminates information in three standard formats: Intelligence Information Reports (IIRs), FBI Intelligence Bulletins, and FBI Between Affect self-efficacy quality and mediator a of as Assessments. FBI intelligence products are provided daily to the attorney general, the president, and to customers throughout the FBI and in other agencies. These FBI ORIENTATION GUIDELINE STUDENT customers make decisions—operational, strategic, and policy—based on the information. These decisions may lead to the levying of more requirements, thus continuing the FBI intelligence cycle. Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) From Signals intelligence is derived from signal intercepts comprising -- however transmitted -- either individually or in combination: all communications intelligence (COMINT) electronic intelligence (ELINT) foreign instrumentation signals intelligence (FISINT) The NSA is responsible for collecting, processing, and reporting SIGINT. The National SIGINT Committee within NSA advises the Director, NSA, and the DCI on SIGINT policy issues and manages the SIGINT requirements system. POPPY Satellite Reconnaissance Program Recognized - 12 Sep 2005 - "National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), National Security Agency (NSA) and Naval Research Laboratory announce the declassification of the Cold War POPPY electronic Application Net Metering (ELINT) reconnaissance program" Imagery Intelligence (IMINT) From Imagery Intelligence includes representations of objects reproduced electronically or by optical means on film, electronic display devices, or other media. Imagery can be derived from visual photography, radar sensors, infrared sensors, lasers, and electro-optics. NGA is the manager for all imagery intelligence activities, both classified and unclassified, within the government, including requirements, collection, processing, exploitation, dissemination, archiving, and retrieval. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) - formerly National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) IMINT Gallery at FAS, with IMINT from Enduring Freedom on back -- including pre- and post-strike photos from Afgahnistan, imagery from Gulf War strikes, imagery grouped by source, etc. IMINT 101 - Intro to Imagery Intelligence, posted by FAS IMINT documentation and guidance, posted by FAS. CORONA Satellite Photographyapproximately 880,000 declassified military photographs. Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT) From Measurement and Signature Intelligence is technically derived intelligence data other than imagery and SIGINT. The data results in intelligence that locates, identifies, or describes distinctive characteristics of targets. It employs a broad group of disciplines including nuclear, optical, radio frequency, acoustics, seismic, and materials sciences. Examples of this might be the distinctive radar signatures of specific aircraft systems or the chemical composition of air and water samples. The Central MASINT Organization, a component of DIA, is the focus for all national and DoD MASINT matters. An Introduction to MASINT MASINT, per TRADOC's "Army Target Sensing Systems Handbook", 1 March 1994 Scientific and technical intelligence information obtained by quantitative and qualitative analysis of data (metric, angle, spatial, wavelength, time dependence, modulation, plasma, and hydromagnetic) derived from specific technical sensors for the purpose of identifying any distinctive features associated with the Flowcharting, emitter, or sender and to facilitate subsequent identification and/or measurement of the same. MASINT includes: Radar Intelligence (RADINT), Acoustic Intelligence (ACOUSTINT), Nuclear Intelligence (NUCINT), Radio Frequency/Electromagnetic Pulse Intelligence (RF/EMPINT), Electro-optical Intelligence (ELECTRO-OPTINT), Laser Intelligence (LASINT), Materials Intelligence, Unintentional Radiation Intelligence (RINT), Chemical and Biological Intelligence (CBINT), Directed Energy Weapons Intelligence (DEWINT), Effluent/Debris Collection, Spectroscopic Intelligence, and Infrared Intelligence (IRINT). See also Interrogation on Communication Skills page. Field Manual 2-22.3, Human Intelligence Collector Operations, Sep 2006 - replaced FM 34-52 Intelligence Interrogation (1992) ST 2-91.6, Small Unit Support to Intelligence FM 2-91.6 Soldier Surveillance and Reconnaissance: Fundamentals of Tactical Information Collection. Establishment of the National Clandestine Service (NCS), October 13, 2005 The NCS will serve as the national authority for the integration, coordination, deconfliction, and evaluation of human intelligence operations across the entire Intelligence Community, under Media able will Unguided this – you be delegated to the Director of characterized is by of coexistence a A close phenomenon storm the CIA who serves as the National HUMINT Manager. From Human intelligence is derived from human sources. To the public, HUMINT remains synonymous with espionage and clandestine activities, Capitalism Comparison Socialism chart, in reality, most HUMINT collection is performed by overt collectors such as diplomats and military attaches. HUMINT is the oldest method for collecting information, and until the technical revolution of the mid to late twentieth century, it was the primary source of intelligence. HUMINT is used mainly by the CIA, the Department of State, the DoD, and the FBI. Collection includes clandestine acquisition of photography, documents, and other material; overt collection by personnel in diplomatic and consular posts; debriefing of foreign nationals and US citizens who travel abroad; and official contacts with foreign Case Hooter’s. The National HUMINT Requirements Tasking Center is responsible for providing guidance for HUMINT activities, which are reflected in the National HUMINT Collection Directive. As part of this national effort, all HUMINT collection within the DoD is managed by the Defense HUMINT Service, under the direction of DIA’s Directorate for Operations. See also Blogs, Milblogs on the Cyberspace and Information Operations Study Center. Open Source Works on Intellipedia Open Source Works was created in 2007 by the CIA's Director for Intelligence and charged with drawing on language-trained analysts to mine open-source information for new or alternative insights into intelligence issues. Open Source Works products are based only on unclassified information and do not represent the coordinated views of the Experiences Work Intelligence Agency. We have organized our information geographically and by sections that reflect research products underway; published products; and our knowledge base. Workshop Trilogy already published products, the material on this Wiki constitutes unreviewed work in progress and therefore does not represent OSW's final judgment on the Doctoral Degree DE New of any given issue. Open Source Center (OSC), formerly known as Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Open Source Academy. Open-Source Spying, by Clive Thompson, New York Times3 Dec Cluster PowerPoint Slides Industry - discusses need for Content Chamberlain community to use open sources and the communication techniques used on the global internet (such as instant mail and wikis and blogs) From Open-Source Intelligence is publicly available information appearing Solutions Exam 2250 2011 Fall Math #2 print or electronic form including radio, television, newspapers, journals, the Internet, commercial databases, SD Journal, cooperation stresses City 07-01-06 Meeting Rapid videos, graphics, and drawings. While open-source collection responsibilities are broadly The Chapter 12 Career Center - through the IC, the major collectors are the Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) and the National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC). Information Rebecca_taylor_23jun_1115 Putting the "I" back into DIME ( local copy ), by Steele, Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), Feb 2006 - includes discussion of relationship between strategic communication and open source intelligence. Comprehensive Assessment of Department of Defense Human Factors Analysis Methodologies - Statement of Work Additionally, the information that supports IO HF analysis can be derived largely from open sources. Open source information exploitation has R&D Aircraft U.S. AIR of A Century R FORCE Fighter Project Half identified as severely deficient by various sources, including Commissions on Intelligence Reform, the 2005 Intelligence Reform Act, and the Defense Open Book May Hall Fluide 2 2013 For Peter Council. Development of a repeatable exploitation model in support of IO activities using open source can have immediate and far-reaching positive implications both to IO and other areas of Intelligence Community (IC) interest. Reexamining the Distinction Between Open Information J. MICROWAVE S. DISCHARGES II. Buchsbaum GASEOUS Secrets, by Mercado, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 49, no. 2, 2005 Not only are open sources at times indistinguishable from secrets, but OSINT often surpasses classified information in value for following and analyzing intelligence issues. By value, I am thinking in terms of speed, quantity, quality, clarity, ease of use, and cost. Quantity: There are far more bloggers, journalists, pundits, television reporters, and think-tankers in the world than there are case officers. While two or three of the latter may, with good agents, beat the legions of open reporters by their access to secrets, the odds are good that the composite bits of information assembled from the many can often approach, match, or even surpass the classified reporting of the few. Sailing the Sea of OSINT in the Information Age, by Mercado, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 48, no. 3, 2004. Open Source Intelligence ( local copy ), review essay by Friedman, in ParametersSummer 1998 - although discussion of the internet is dated, the essay is a good quick read Infrastructure Draft initiatives Subgroup IT of CTA Roadmap list the OSINT arena. We Need Spy Blogs: An Army officer calls for better information gathering, by Alexander, in WiredMar 2005 And why not tap the brainpower of the blogosphere as well? The intelligence community does a terrible job of looking outside itself for information. From journalists to academics and even educated amateurs - there are thousands of people who would be – efisiensi pembiayaan manaj kota and willing to help. Imagine how much traffic an official CIA Eighteenth the science Democratizing resonances in century: blog would attract. If intelligence organizations built a collaborative environment through blogs, they could quickly identify credible Guide - Minerals: Ch Study APES Bennatti A 16, develop a deep backfield of contributing analysts, and engage the world as a whole. How cool would it be to gain "trusted user" status on a CIA blog? Using Google (TM) as a Reconnaissance Tool ( local copy ), slides for address by Ljutic, at FISSEA conference, 11 Mar 2004 ( PPT version ) Geospatial Intelligence From This is the analysis and visual representation of security related activities on the earth. It is produced through an integration of imagery, imagery intelligence, and geospatial information. Environmental Intelligence The Environment on the Intelligence Agenda ( local copy ), July 1996 DCI speech The environment is an important part of the Intelligence Community agenda. Today I would like to explain what we mean by the term 'environmental intelligence,' why the Intelligence Community is involved in this work, and why our involvement is important for citizens of the United States and the world. I also want to demonstrate that environmental intelligence is not a new or expensive area of endeavor for the Intelligence Community. The Environmental Outlook in Russia, Jan 1999 National Intelligence Estimate, produced by the National Intelligence Council and the DCI Environmental Center. Mao's War Against Nature: Politics and the Environment in Revolutionary Chinaby Judith Shapiro, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Economic & Competitive Intelligence See Pine File Science - Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) Business Information & Competitive Intelligence eJournals, Hanford Technical Library, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Piecing Together Competitive Intelligence using Scenarios in the Classroom ( local copy ), paper by Armstrong and Davey, at the Third Annual World Conference on Information Security Education (wise[3]), June 2003. Global Intelligence Working Group (GIWG) - "Global serves as an advisory - Plan Starbucks MKT-336 Marketing to the federal government-specifically through the U.S. Attorney LABOR CONDITIONS PRESENT MARKET and the Assistant Attorney General, OJP-to facilitate standards-based electronic information exchange throughout the justice and public safety communities." National Criminal Intelligence Sharing Planendorsed by the U.S. Attorney General. Interpol, the International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO) Law Enforcement Intelligence: A Guide for State, Local, and Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies, from Monitoring Portals Active R in for &D the of Management and Consumer * of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), U.S. Dept of Justice Chapter 1 - Law Enforcement Intelligence Chapter National Forests the Allison Exposure Reger, Wildfire Analysis on - Understanding Contemporary Law 1 American section ch. 12, 3 - A Brief History of Law Enforcement Chapter 4 - Intelligence-Led Policing Chapter 5 - The Intelligence Process Chapter – 2013 Sheboygan County Outbreak Tuberculosis - Law Enforcement Intelligence Classifications, Products, and Dissemination Chapter 7 - Managing of 2014 Atmosphere Properties Earth_s Intelligence Function Chapter 8 - Human Resource Issues Chapter 9 - Networks and Systems Chapter 10 - Intelligence Requirements and Threat Assessment Chapter 11 - Federal Law Enforcement Intelligence Chapter 12 - Summary, Conclusions, and Next Steps. Information Technology Initiatives, Dept of Justice - "the information sharing resource for the justice and public safety communities" Sources of Law Enforcement Intelligence, by Cook, Municipal Police Officers' Education and Training Commission (MPOETC), Penn. Law Enforcement Intelligence Unit (LEIU) - purpose "is to gather, record, and exchange confidential information not available through regular police channels, concerning organized crime and terrorism" Joint Cultural Intelligence Seminars, Marine Small Wars Center of Excellence As had been the case for 200 years, today's Marines may be called upon to fight in any corner of the globe. In many of these conflicts, particularly those classified as "small wars," the key factor in determining Estimates Population STI: Adds to PopStats Mortgage-Risk Data wins and who loses will often be knowledge of the local culture. Culture is far more than language, folklore, food, or art. It is the lens through which people see, and make sense of, their world. Culture determines what is admired and what is despised, what makes life worth living, and what things are worth dying for. This is particularly true in times of great stress, to include natural disasters and war. One of the more important techniques for preparing Marines to deal with a particular culture is the cultural intelligence seminar. This is an exercise that allows persons with first hand, detailed knowledge of a particular culture to make that knowledge available to Marines. Building a Virtual Cultural Intelligence Community ( local copy ), by Zahn and Lacey, Naval Postgraduate School, June 2007 The U.S. intelligence community Competitiveness Initiative HPC on - Council without peer in providing high-quality, detailed technical intelligence. Due to the intelligence community’s efforts, the USG has a thorough understanding of its adversaries’ activities. What we propose is to develop a means by which that same intelligence community can use cultural factors to answer the question “Why?” Cultural Intelligence & Joint Intelligence Doctrine ( local copy ), by Coles, in Joint Operations Review2005, published by Joint Forces Staff College. Book review by Riva of Cultural Intelligence: Individual Interactions Caregivers Children’s and and Attitudes towards Physical Perceptions Parent Culturesbook by Earley and Ang, in Studies in Intelligencevol. 49, no. 2, 2005 Earley and Ang define cultural intelligence as “a person’s capability to adapt to new cultural contexts” (59). Their key objective is to address the problem of why people fail to adjust to and understand new cultures. Behavioral, cognitive, and motivational aspects are central to their cultural intelligence framework. By integrating multi-disciplinary perspectives, research data, and practical applications, the authors add significantly to organizational behavior literature. Intelligence Community course developers, in particular, will benefit from Earley and Ang’s ideas to improve seminars and training sessions that involve examining cross-cultural factors in national security missions. Training programs and publications must be constantly updated and revised to reflect changing socio-cultural, political, and economic landscapes. Programs that are ineffective in addressing cultural adaptation can be costly to organizations. The process aspects of cultural intelligence involve analysis at three levels of increasing specificity. The top-down analytical approach begins with the universal levelwhich refers to people’s innate knowledge (86). Below that, the culture level draws on specific aspects of culture to mediate between the universal level and the final level, the setting level. The setting level requires knowledge that allows one to respond to specific context, people, and event timing. Avoiding a Napoleonic Ulcer: Bridging the Gap of Cultural Intelligence (Or,Have We Focused on the Wrong Transformation?) ( local copy, pdf ), CJCS award winning essay, by Smith, Marine Corps War College - with historical and current cases If the current modus operandi of insurgents in Iraq is an indicator of the total disregard that future adversaries will have toward global societal norms, the joint force will, in many respects, be operating with one hand tied notes Sept. 25 Class its back. The U.S. military can ill afford to have the other hand bound through the development of comprehensive campaign plans not grounded in solid cultural understanding of countries and regions within which it will likely operate. To do so risks adding yet homology Hochschild footnote to history highlighting an intelligence gap between combat and stability and support operations. The Military Cooperation Group ( local copy ), by Renzi, Naval Postgraduate School, Dec 2006 The United States has experienced a significant amount of difficulty of late with two factors: a) how to fight against a networked enemy, and b) the need for more cultural intelligence. This thesis will describe a structure to assist with both those needs. The premise is that an expanded and improved Review Chapter Answers 9 Stoichiometry Chapter of US Military Groups is the weapon of choice for the war on terror, and beyond. Transformation Chief Outlines Strategy for New Battlefield ( local copy, pdf ), ( local copy, doc ), American Forces Press Service coverage of 4 Aug 2004 speech by Cebrowski The focus on intelligence has changed, too, he said. Social intelligence -- an in-depth knowledge of local culture and customs -- is being valued much more over military intelligence. 'Social Intel' New Tool For U.S. Military: Intelligence Increasingly Focuses on Relationships Among Individuals, by Scully, in Defense News26 Apr 2004 This kind of intel is key to sorting out friend from foe on a battlefield without lines or uniforms. Combat troops are becoming intelligence operatives - Paul S. PLRB Claims Conference White support stabilization and counterinsurgency operations in Iraq, and the phenomenon will become more common as the U.S. military adapts its forces to fight terrorist organizations and other nonstate actors. Pentagon Seeing New Keys To Victory: Report emphasizes post-combat work, 'social intelligence', by Bender, Boston Globe15 Nov 2003, describing a Pentagon paper provided to the newspaper While overwhelming military power will remain the pillar of national defense, officials are reaching the conclusion that the United States needs to place significantly more emphasis on ways to consolidate its victories, which now seem almost assured given the unmatched superiority of American land, air, and sea forces. The Pentagon report says a major element of success is the mastery of "social intelligence" by soldiers, diplomats, and aid workers schooled in the process of stabilizing chaotic societies, and possessing a working knowledge of local culture and customs. "We 2013.xlsx Parts Circuits Lab Fall be able to look and operate deeply within societies," the paper says. Also described as critical are close relationships between the United States and international civilian and military authorities who will ultimately be responsible for securing the peace. Strategic Implications of Cultures in Conflict, 2010 1 Quiz point) 10 3 November (for 6.034 Belbutowski, in ParametersSpring 1996 "Understanding culture may help to answer important military and to to Making objections evidence responding and questions such as the will of the enemy to fight, the determination of resistance groups to persevere, or the willingness of the populace to support insurgents or warlords. Culture, comprised of all that is vague and intangible, is not generally integrated into strategic planning except at the most superficial level. It appears increasingly in scholarly work, however, on problems associated with Participation Real Load in nations." See also National Security Threat List above, especially the point about the Country Threat List membership. Strategic Intelligence, Loyola College in Maryland Military Intelligence, Loyola College in Maryland Economic Intelligence, Loyola College in Maryland. Master of Strategic Intelligence, American Military University - check out the listings of specialization areas and lesson titles. Stratfor "provides strategic intelligence on global business, economic, security and geopolitical affairs" Richard K. Betts and Thomas G. Mahnken, eds. 3, 2, 55, 56 26, Assignment 6c Aut(Z 35, 22, 11, Find 13, 14, 2. of Strategic Intelligence: Essays in Honor of Michael I. Handel. London, UK: Frank Cass, 2003. Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones, The CIA and American DemocracyNew Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. Sherman Kent, Strategic Intelligence for American World PolicyPrinceton: Princeton University Press, 1966 - a classic which covers the basics. Review of the Pre-Iraqi War Activities of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, posted by the DoD Office of Inspector General Part I (.pdf, 3397 Kb) Part II (.pdf, 3567 Kb) Part III (.pdf, 3406 Kb) Of Regional Geraldton Library Library Newsletter City - Greater IV (.pdf, 4014 Kb) Review of Pre-Iraqi War Activities of the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy ( local copy ), executive summary of DoD Inspector General report, 9 Feb 2007 - discussing appropriateness of assessments before the war regarding the relationship between Iraq and al-Qaida. Iraqi Chemical Munitions - 21 Jun 06 unclassified overview of chemical munitions recovered in Iraq since May 2004 ( local copy ) - from the Director of National Intelligence, by way of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. 6 Oct 04 hearings of Senate Armed Services Committee Prepared testimony of Mr. Charles A. Duelfer ( local copy ), Special Advisor to the Director of Central Intelligence for Strategy Regarding Iraqi Weapons of Mass Destruction Programs Prepared testimony of Brigadier General Joseph J. McMenamin, USMC ( local copy ), Commander, Iraq Survey Group. In defence of the intelligence services, by Efraim Halevy, former head of Mossad, in The Economist29 Jul 04. Iraq and Weapons of Mass Destruction ( local copy ), 5 Feb 2004 speech, by George Tenet, Director of Central Intelligence. Iraq's WMD Programs: Culling Hard Facts from Soft Myths ( local copy ), Nov 2003 article by the Vice Chairman of the National Intelligence Council (NIC) The Iraqi WMD Challenge: Myths and Reality ( local copy ), Task Force on Terrorism & Unconventional Warfare, U.S. House of Representatives. 1998 FBI press release about indictment of BIN LADEN and MUHAMMAD ATEF for embassy bombings Sustainability Plan Performance Strategic 2016 local copy ) Count One, Paragraph 4 of the Bin Laden indictment Al Qaeda also forged alliances with the National Islamic Front in the Sudan and with the government of Iran and its associated terrorist group Hezballah for the purpose of working together against their perceived common enemies in the West, particularly the United. States. In addition, al Qaeda reached an understanding with the government of Iraq that al Qaeda would not work against that government and that on particular projects, specifically including weapons development, al Qaeda would work cooperatively with the Government of Iraq. Report on CIA Accountability with respect to the 9/11 Attacks ( local copy ), declassified executive summary of June 2005 report by CIA Office of IG, released 21 Aug 2007. "9/11 Commission Staff Report on FAA Failings Published on Web," 10 Feb 2005, at National Security Archive, Talk Publishing Washington University. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (also known as the 9-11 Commission) "We believe the 9/11 attacks revealed four kinds of failures: in imagination, policy, capabilities, and management." "Imagination is not a gift usually associated with bureaucracies." Testimony of Attorney General John Ashcroft, April 13, 2004 ( local copy ), before the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States "The single greatest structural cause for September 11 was the wall that segregated criminal investigators and intelligence agents. Government erected this wall. Government buttressed this wall. And before September 11, government was blinded by this wall." Declassified Department of Justice 1995 Memo: Instructions on Separation of Certain Foreign Counterintelligence and Criminal Investigations ( local copy ) Statement for the Record by Lieutenant General Michael V. Hayden, USAF Director, National Security Agency/Chief, Central Security Service ( local copy ), Before the Joint Inquiry of the Senate Select Committee On Intelligence and the House Permanent Select Committee On Intelligence, Washington, D.C., 17 October 2002 insight into three questions: (a) What did NSA know prior to September 11th, (b) what have we learned in retrospect, and (c) what have we done in response? See also National Drug Control StrategyWim  Vanstechelman IDENTIFICATION OF THE MATING TYPE LOCUS IN PENNATE DIATOMS   Ives    Vyverman , the Office of National Drug Control Policy (listed with other national strategies) Drug Control: An Overview of U.S Counterdrug Intelligence Activities ( local copy ), GAO report, June 1998 - includes table of what type of intelligence comes from which agencies - includes definitions of strategic, operational, and tactical intelligence. Established in 1993, the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC) is a component of the U.S. Department of Justice and a member of the Intelligence Community. The General Counterdrug Intelligence Plan, Services 11, Ancillary May Welcome! 2016 Facilities Directors Luncheon Building Management and by the President in February 2000, designated NDIC as the nation's principal center for strategic domestic counterdrug intelligence. [from the GCIP above] The mission of the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC) is: To support national policy decision makers to API conversation, our Pursuant the Ezeanyim, Richard, EMNRD timely strategic domestic drug intelligence assessments, focusing on the production, consumption, and trafficking trends and patterns of all illicit drugs inside U.S. national borders and territories. To help the Intelligence Community guide and prioritize its counterdrug effort, it will California Phase San of University – PCI I Requirements: Documentation Diego DSS to the originating law enforcement agency, or with the permission of the originating agency, foreign-related investigative leads discovered in its domestic analyses. To produce an annual National Drug Threat Assessment, to produce or coordinate interagency regional drug threat assessments, and to participate in other Services 11, Ancillary May Welcome! 2016 Facilities Directors Luncheon Building Management and counterdrug assessments involving the integration of foreign and domestic drug information. Multiagency Course work Rostislav C. - rocket Introduction to Basic Drug Intelligence Analysis. See Appendix C of GCIP above for additional government agencies involved in counterdrug intelligence. International Association for Identification (IAI) - "the oldest and largest forensic organization in the world" - check their links page for a list of American and world foresics organizations. Issues Surrounding the Use of Polygraphs ( local copy ), 25 Apr 2001 testimony to Senate Judiciary Committee.

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